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Portugal, Social Balance 2022

Bruno P. Carvalho, Universidade Carlos III de Madrid, Department of Economics, and ECARES (ULB); Miguel Fonseca, Nova School of Business and Economics; Susana Peralta, Nova School of Business and Economics;

The 3rd edition of the “Portugal, Social Balance” report draws an economic portrait of the country and households, using microdata of the Survey of Income and Living Conditions (ICOR) of 2022. “Portugal, Social Balance 2022” also analyses data of the European Social Survey 2020 and Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. The Social Balance presents the first detailed appraisal of the distribution of support to households in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic in Portugal. It also appraises the impact of the cost of living on households of different income levels and provides an overview of household food insecurity.
Key points
  • 1
       The rate of material and social deprivation in 2021 stood at 13.5% (0.8 percentage points higher than in 2020);
  • 2
       The rate of material and social deprivation in 2021 stood at 13.5% (0.8 percentage points higher than in 2020);
  • 3
       In 2020, during the pandemic, 22.8% of the poor population experienced an income reduction, compared to 18% in the population in general;
  • 4
       In 2021, more than 2 in every 10 people were worried about not having enough food due to lack of money;
  • 5
       A widespread increase in politics was observed between 2008 and 2020; however, the poorest continue to show less interest.

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