Asset Publisher

Article

Why don’t we offer the same help to all victims of cyberbullying?

Raquel António, Rita Guerra e Carla Moleiro, Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social, CIS-Iscte – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal;
Projeto selecionado no concurso para apoiar projetos de investigação sobre a realidade social dos jovens em Portugal (FP22-1)

Bullying rarely occurs without an audience and can be considered a group phenomenon, rather than just a personal behaviour. Evidence suggests that previous contact between different social groups increases bystanders’ helping intentions in bullying episodes. However, less is known about the potential positive effects of intergroup factors on bystanders’ behaviours when witnessing cyberbullying based on one’s social identity or group membership.

The online survey conducted with 4,507 Portuguese youth as part of the TURN_ON HELP project, which aimed at understanding cyberbullying towards different minority groups, namely LGBTI+ and Black youth, showed that bystanders’ responses varied depending on the target of the cyberbullying, helping an LGBTI+ youth victim less than a Black one.

This research can contribute to the development of theoretical approaches for understanding what promotes bystanders’ helping intentions in bias-based cyberbullying episodes, as well as to the development of specific interventions to foster helping behaviours among youth.
Key points
  • 1
       In the past six months, 18% of participants reported experiencing cyberbullying. The experience of cyberbullying was more common among youth who self-identified as female, Transgender and Gender-Diverse (TGGD), non-heterosexual, belonging to an ethnic minority, and having lower socioeconomic status.
  • 2
       Participants who observed an episode of cyberbullying targeting an LGBTI+ youth revealed fewer helping intentions, less empathy, less positive group norms, less inclusive identities, less positive attitudes, and more intergroup anxiety, compared to those who observed an episode of cyberbullying targeting a Black youth.
  • 3
       Having LGBTI+ friends and perceiving Heterosexual and LGBTI+ people as part of the same inclusive group was associated with increased helping intentions, by increasing empathy.
  • 4
       Having Black friends and perceiving White and Black people as part of the same inclusive group was associated with increased helping intentions, by increasing empathy and positive group norms

Classification

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Dropout in higher education: sociodemographic, economic, and psychosocial factors in the post-pandemic era

The study reveals why Portugal has not reached its higher education target and highlights the challenges, both economic and psychosocial, that lead to academic dropout and offers insights into students' difficulties in the post-pandemic context.

Article

“BlindGame”: The online gambling activities of Portuguese young people

A study of 2,028 young people aged between 15 and 34 in Portugal revealed a significant prevalence of online gambling behaviour, with gender and age differences. The results indicate concerns for parents, educators and public authorities due to the growing uptake of this form of entertainment.

Article

Do Portuguese and Spanish young people use mobile phones differently?

Young people in both countries use mobile phones in similar ways, but there are slight differences between profiles that may influence their well-being.

Article

Digital skills and gender equality: perceptions among primary school teachers

The DIGEQUALGENDER project aimed to take advantage of the impetus that the covid-19 pandemic brought to the digitalisation of education and pedagogical practices and educational activities among primary school teachers in mainland Portugal, to find strategies that can promote gender equality in Sciences, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) in the first years of basic education.

You may also find interesting

Dropout in higher education: sociodemographic, economic, and psychosocial factors in the post-pandemic era

Dropout in higher education: sociodemographic, economic, and psychosocial factors in the post-pandemic era


Social Inclusion

The study reveals why Portugal has not reached its higher education target and highlights the challenges, both economic and psychosocial, that lead to academic dropout and offers insights into students' difficulties in the post-pandemic context.

“BlindGame”: The online gambling activities of Portuguese young people

Article

“BlindGame”: The online gambling activities of Portuguese young people


Social Inclusion

A study of 2,028 young people aged between 15 and 34 in Portugal revealed a significant prevalence of online gambling behaviour, with gender and age differences. The results indicate concerns for parents, educators and public authorities due to the growing uptake of this form of entertainment.

Understanding the rise in online hate speech in Portugal and Spain: a gap between occurrence and reporting

Article

Understanding the rise in online hate speech in Portugal and Spain: a gap between occurrence and reporting


Social Inclusion

Online hate speech, which has serious consequences for individuals and society, is a growing threat to social cohesion and fundamental European values, with a tendency for its consequences to worsen. Combined with the difficulty in controlling and recording these crimes, it is expected that they will continue to increase.