Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona and IAE-CSIC
Libertad González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE

In April 2020, the authors conducted a survey with more than 7,000 respondents in Spain, focusing on employment and housework before and during the lockdown period. The results of the survey, on which this article is based, show steep drops in employment, of similar magnitude for men and women. Housework, the burden of which already fell mostly on women before the lockdown, continued to be done by them to a disproportionate extent, despite a slight increase in participation by men.
Key points
  • 1
       During the lockdown there were major employment losses, most notably among workers without a university education and in non-essential industries and those not suited to working from home.
  • 2
       The employment rate fell by more than 20 points for both men and women, and by more than 30 points for workers without a university education.
  • 3
       In two-parent families with children, women did most of the housework before the lockdown. During the lockdown the participation of men in these tasks increased very slightly.
  • 4
       In one task alone, shopping, there were major changes: men came to do the shopping more than women.
Distribution of housework during the lockdown, in percentages
Distribution of housework during the lockdown, in percentages

 

 

Classification

Authors

Lídia Farré , Universitat de Barcelona and IAE-CSIC
Libertad González , Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Article

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.

Article

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.

You may also find interesting

Article

An experimental examination of attentional bias in medical care during the covid-19 pandemic

An experimental examination of attentional bias in medical care during the covid-19 pandemic

Social Inclusion

In many countries, the incidence, prevalence, and mortality rates of the covid-19 virus have disproportionately affected non-white people, but there is a lack of published data explaining this phenomenon. Are admissions to intensive care units proportional among white and black people? Are physicians more likely to, unknowingly, pay more attention to white patients and therefore be more likely to offer them life-saving intensive care treatment?

Article

Perceptions of Portuguese teachers, health professionals and older adults about covid-19 vaccination

Perceptions of Portuguese teachers, health professionals and older adults about covid-19 vaccination

Social Inclusion

This study aims to identify and evaluate the main perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge about Covid-19 vaccination of three at-risk groups: teachers, health professionals and older adults.

Article

Covid-19 pandemic and educational services for children ages 0-3 in Portugal: health measures, pedagogical practices and well-being

Covid-19 pandemic and educational services for children ages 0-3 in Portugal: health measures, pedagogical practices and well-being

Social Inclusion

This research addresses the implementation of Covid-19 prevention and control measures, pedagogical practices, children’s and professionals’ well-being and digital health literacy in early education services for children ages 0-3 in Portugal.