The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

March 2021

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidade Carlos III de Madrid

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

March 2021

Social Inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidade Carlos III de Madrid;María Ramos, Universidade Carlos III de Madrid;Mariña Fernández-Reino, Migration Observatory (Oxford)

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

Article

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

March 2021

Social Inclusion
Pedro Rey Biel, Researcher at ESADE-Universitat Ramon Llull;Nagore Iriberri, Ikerbasque Research Professor at Universidad del País Vasco

Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.

Does unemployment harm mental health?

Article

Does unemployment harm mental health?

March 2021

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona, IAE (CSIC), MOVE e IZA;Francesco Fasani, Queen Mary University of London, IZA e CEPR;Hannes Mueller, IAE (CSIC), Barcelona GSE e MOVE;Adaptation: Michele Catanzaro

Stress, depression, insomnia, tension, feeling of uselessness… This article analyses how the mental health of workers was affected by the economic crisis and long-term unemployment. 

Is there a motherhood penalty affecting promotion at work? The hidden costs of flexible working hours

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty affecting promotion at work? The hidden costs of flexible working hours

March 2021

Social Inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor e Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED;M. José González, UPF

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

Article

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

March 2021

Social Inclusion
Cesira Urzi Brancati, Songül Tolan, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Ignacio González Vázquez, Marta Fana and Sergio Torrejón Pérez, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre

The impact of the covid-19 crisis on the labour market is being more pronounced in the Mediterranean countries and is concentrated on workers with low salaries and in precarious jobs, as well as women and younger workers.

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Branco e Salvador Pérez, Universidade de Málaga

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

Article

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Clara Cortina, M. José González e Jorge Rodríguez, Universidade Pompeu Fabra

An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

Article

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Ana R. Sepúlveda, Tatiana Lacruz, Santos Solano, Marta Rojo, Francisco J. Román e Miriam Branco, Grupo de Investigação ANOBAS, Universidade Autónoma de Madrid (UAM);Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea e Carina Bellver (StoryData)

Does childhood obesity as a result of a disadvantaged family environment exist? 

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universidade Pompeu Fabra;Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, Universidade de Lausana, Suíça;Giorgio Piccitto, Universidade Bocconi de Milão, Itália

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Article

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Jordi Bosch,, Universidade Pompeu Fabra;Carme Trilla,, Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory;Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

Article

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Javier Yanguas, Amaya Cilvetti e Cristina Segura, “la Caixa” Programme for Elderly People

The most visible face of loneliness is the feeling of not having people to call on or trust in case of need. Who does it affect most? We analyse the influence of factors such as age and gender.  

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

Article

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona and IAE-CSIC;Libertad González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE

Despite a slight increase in participation by men, this study shows that housework and childcare represented a heavier workload for women during the lockdown.

The Impact of Covid-19 on Poverty and Inequality in Portugal and the Cushioning Effect of Policies

Article

The Impact of Covid-19 on Poverty and Inequality in Portugal and the Cushioning Effect of Policies

May 2021

Social Inclusion
Joana Silva, Anna Bernard, Francisco Espiga e Madalena Gaspar, PROSPER (Católica-Lisbon’s Center of Economics for Prosperity)

What was the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on poverty and inequality in Portugal? This article demonstrates how the crisis caused by the pandemic resulted in a loss of income for the Portuguese population and how its impact was asymmetric in the different regions of the country.

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