The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

Article

The evolution of the economy and the rejection of immigration in Europe

March 2021

Social inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidade Carlos III de Madrid;

Behind rejection of the other, and xenophobia, lie factors such as the country’s macroeconomic evolution, individual economic vulnerability and worker exposure to job competition.

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

Article

Are immigrants more ambitious than their non-migrant compatriots?

March 2021

Social inclusion
Javier G. Polavieja, Universidade Carlos III de Madrid; María Ramos, Universidade Carlos III de Madrid; Mariña Fernández-Reino, Migration Observatory (Oxford);

Does emigration always bring with it a dose of ambition? We analyse whether immigrants are more oriented toward success, risk, and money than their non-migrant compatriots.

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

Article

Participate or win? Women, men and competitiveness

March 2021

Social inclusion
Pedro Rey Biel, Researcher at ESADE-Universitat Ramon Llull; Nagore Iriberri, Ikerbasque Research Professor at Universidad del País Vasco;

Are women worse at competing? This article shows that factors exist, of a cultural nature, that can explain part of the discrimination that women suffer in the jobs market.

Does unemployment harm mental health?

Article

Does unemployment harm mental health?

March 2021

Social inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona, IAE (CSIC), MOVE e IZA; Francesco Fasani, Queen Mary University of London, IZA e CEPR; Hannes Mueller, IAE (CSIC), Barcelona GSE e MOVE; Adaptation: Michele Catanzaro;

Stress, depression, insomnia, tension, feeling of uselessness… This article analyses how the mental health of workers was affected by the economic crisis and long-term unemployment. 

Is there a motherhood penalty affecting promotion at work? The hidden costs of flexible working hours

Article

Is there a motherhood penalty affecting promotion at work? The hidden costs of flexible working hours

March 2021

Social inclusion
Irina Fernandez-Lozano, Juan-Ignacio Martínez-Pastor e Teresa Jurado-Guerrero, UNED; M. José González, UPF;

Are mothers at a disadvantage when being considered for promotion at work? This study shows that they are not, providing that they have not taken options such as flexible or reduced working hours or teleworking.

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

Article

The asymmetrical impact of the covid-19 crisis on the European labour market

March 2021

Social inclusion
Cesira Urzi Brancati, Songül Tolan, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Ignacio González Vázquez, Marta Fana and Sergio Torrejón Pérez, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre;

The impact of the covid-19 crisis on the labour market is being more pronounced in the Mediterranean countries and is concentrated on workers with low salaries and in precarious jobs, as well as women and younger workers.

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

Article

Social transfers targeting children: the best way to fight child poverty?

April 2021

Social inclusion
Elena Bárcena, M. Carmen Branco e Salvador Pérez, Universidade de Málaga;

In Spain barely 3.3% of the total of social transfers in the year 2016 targeted children, against the European average of 9%. However, this study shows that it is the most effective way of eradicating poverty.

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

Article

Do women have fewer opportunities to be hired?

April 2021

Social inclusion
Clara Cortina, M. José González e Jorge Rodríguez, Universidade Pompeu Fabra;

An experiment in gender discrimination confirms that, under equal conditions, women have 30% fewer probabilities of being invited to a job interview.

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

Article

Why do children from disadvantaged families have a higher risk of developing childhood obesity?

April 2021

Social inclusion
Ana R. Sepúlveda, Tatiana Lacruz, Santos Solano, Marta Rojo, Francisco J. Román e Miriam Branco, Grupo de Investigação ANOBAS, Universidade Autónoma de Madrid (UAM); Adapted by: Sílvia Galilea e Carina Bellver (StoryData);

Does childhood obesity as a result of a disadvantaged family environment exist? 

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

April 2021

Social inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universidade Pompeu Fabra; Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research;

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

April 2021

Social inclusion
Daniel Oesch, Universidade de Lausana, Suíça; Giorgio Piccitto, Universidade Bocconi de Milão, Itália;

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Article

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

April 2021

Social inclusion
Jordi Bosch,, Universidade Pompeu Fabra; Carme Trilla,, Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory; Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar;

The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

Article

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

April 2021

Social inclusion
Javier Yanguas, Amaya Cilvetti e Cristina Segura, “la Caixa” Programme for Elderly People;

The most visible face of loneliness is the feeling of not having people to call on or trust in case of need. Who does it affect most? We analyse the influence of factors such as age and gender.  

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

Article

Housework and childcare during the lockdown, tasks undertaken mainly by women

April 2021

Social inclusion
Lídia Farré, Universitat de Barcelona and IAE-CSIC; Libertad González, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE;

Despite a slight increase in participation by men, this study shows that housework and childcare represented a heavier workload for women during the lockdown.

The Impact of Covid-19 on Poverty and Inequality in Portugal and the Cushioning Effect of Policies

Article

The Impact of Covid-19 on Poverty and Inequality in Portugal and the Cushioning Effect of Policies

May 2021

Social inclusion
Joana Silva, Anna Bernard, Francisco Espiga e Madalena Gaspar, PROSPER (Católica-Lisbon’s Center of Economics for Prosperity);

What was the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on poverty and inequality in Portugal? This article demonstrates how the crisis caused by the pandemic resulted in a loss of income for the Portuguese population and how its impact was asymmetric in the different regions of the country.

Call to support research projects on the social impact of covid-19 (LL20-3)

calls

Call to support research projects on the social impact of covid-19 (LL20-3)

June 2021

O objetivo do concurso foi apoiar projetos de investigação sobre o impacto da pandemia da Covid-19 na sociedade portuguesa.

Call to support survey-based projects on the social impact of Covid-19 in Portugal

calls

Call to support survey-based projects on the social impact of Covid-19 in Portugal

June 2021

The aim of the call was to support survey-based research that allows data to be obtained on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Portuguese society.

Social Research Call 2021 (SRC 2021)

calls

Social Research Call 2021 (SRC 2021)

June 2021

”la Caixa” Foundation launches an open and competitive call to fund excellent, innovative and socially-oriented research projects. Proposals must generate new knowledge to broaden our understanding of the major challenges of today’s society, using quantitative methods.

Online teaching and learning in Portugal during the covid-19 pandemic: Differences between public and private schools

Article

Online teaching and learning in Portugal during the covid-19 pandemic: Differences between public and private schools

June 2021

Social inclusion
Diogo Conceição, Pedro Freitas, Gonçalo Lima, Luís Catela Nunes and Ana Balcão Reis, Nova School of Business and Economics, Universidade Nova de Lisboa;

In Portugal, the covid-19 pandemic led to temporary school lockdowns and a generalised move to online teaching. This article uses data from a survey administered to teachers between March 2020 and January 2021 in three rounds of questionnaires.

Covid-19 pandemic and educational services for children ages 0-3 in Portugal: health measures, pedagogical practices and well-being

Article

Covid-19 pandemic and educational services for children ages 0-3 in Portugal: health measures, pedagogical practices and well-being

July 2021

Social inclusion
Sara Barros Araújo, Sílvia Barros, Ana Silva, Centre for Research and Innovation in Education, Polytechnic Institute of Porto; Rafaela Rosário, School of Nursing, University of Minho; Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing (UICISA: E), Nursing School of Coimbra;

This research addresses the implementation of Covid-19 prevention and control measures, pedagogical practices, children’s and professionals’ well-being and digital health literacy in early education services for children ages 0-3 in Portugal.

Call to support research projects about technology and society (FP21-1B)

calls

Call to support research projects about technology and society (FP21-1B)

July 2021

The Social Observatory of the ”la Caixa” Foundation has announced a call to support research projects on technology and society in Portugal, using quantitative survey data in social sciences.Funded projects will receive up to 25,000 euros each (exclusive of VAT).

Perceptions of Portuguese teachers, health professionals and older adults about covid-19 vaccination

Article

Perceptions of Portuguese teachers, health professionals and older adults about covid-19 vaccination

July 2021

Social inclusion
Tânia Magalhães Silva, Marta Estrela, Maria Teresa Herdeiro, Institute of Biomedicine (iBiMED); Vítor Roque, Fátima Roque, Research Unit for Inland Development; Eva Rebelo Gomes, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Service, University Hospital Center of Porto, Porto, Portugal; Adolfo Figueiras, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS);

This study aims to identify and evaluate the main perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge about Covid-19 vaccination of three at-risk groups: teachers, health professionals and older adults.

An experimental examination of attentional bias in medical care during the covid-19 pandemic

Article

An experimental examination of attentional bias in medical care during the covid-19 pandemic

August 2021

Social inclusion
Filipa Madeira, Alexandre Vieira, Cicero R. Pereira & Emerson Do Bú, Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa;

In many countries, the incidence, prevalence, and mortality rates of the covid-19 virus have disproportionately affected non-white people, but there is a lack of published data explaining this phenomenon. Are admissions to intensive care units proportional among white and black people? Are physicians more likely to, unknowingly, pay more attention to white patients and therefore be more likely to offer them life-saving intensive care treatment?

Mental health outcomes in Portuguese SARS-CoV-2 survivors and the general population during the covid-19 pandemic

Article

Mental health outcomes in Portuguese SARS-CoV-2 survivors and the general population during the covid-19 pandemic

August 2021

Social inclusion
Inês A. Trindade, Helena Pinto, Lara Palmeira, Sérgio Carvalho, Marco Pereira, CINEICC, University of Coimbra, Portugal;

This study explored mental health outcomes in 640 Portuguese adults from three different groups (SARS-CoV-2 survivors, individuals who were tested but had negative results, and individuals who were never tested).

The pandemic and the labour market: What we know a year later

Article

The pandemic and the labour market: What we know a year later

September 2021

Social inclusion
Bruno P. Carvalho, Nova School of Business and Economics and ECARES (Université Libre de Bruxelles); Mariana Esteves, Nova School of Business and Economics; Susana Peralta, Nova School of Business and Economics;

More than one year into the pandemic, employment and hours worked are still lower than in the pre-pandemic period. This article uses secondary data from the Labour Force Survey, conducted by Statistics Portugal, and data on the registrations at Public Employment Offices (Instituto para o Emprego e Formação Profissional).

Social Research Call 2022 (SRC 2022)

calls

Social Research Call 2022 (SRC 2022)

November 2021

The Social Observatory of ”la Caixa” Foundation launches an open and competitive call to fund excellent, innovative and socially-oriented research projects.

How have covid-19 prevention measures affected professionals working at nursing homes?

Article

How have covid-19 prevention measures affected professionals working at nursing homes?

November 2021

Social inclusion
Catarina Santos-Marques, ciTechCare, Polytechnic of Leiria; Catarina Mangas, CICS-NOVA.PLeiria – iACT, CI&DEI, ESECS, Polytechnic of Leiria; Tânia Marques, CARME, ESTG, Polytechnic of Leiria; Ana Paula Gil, CICS-NOVA, NOVA-FCSH; Nelson Campos Ramalho, BRU-ISCTE; Sónia Gonçalves Pereira, ciTechCare, Polytechnic of Leiria;

The impact of covid-19 on older people in nursing homes has been thoroughly researched, but less is known about the impact on health professionals.

The health and well-being of Portuguese citizens: impacts of covid-19

Article

The health and well-being of Portuguese citizens: impacts of covid-19

January 2022

Social inclusion
Lara N. Ferreira, Universidade do Algarve, Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-Being (CinTurs), Centre for Health Studies and Research of the University of Coimbra (CEISUC)/ Centre for Innovative Biomedicine and Biotechnology (CIBB); Luís N. Pereira, Universidade do Algarve, Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-Being (CinTurs), Centre for Health Studies and Research of the University of Coimbra (CEISUC)/ Centre for Innovative Biomedicine and Biotechnology (CIBB); Pedro L. Ferreira, Universidade de Coimbra, Centre for Health Studies and Research of the University of Coimbra (CEISUC)/ Centre for Innovative Biomedicine and Biotechnology (CIBB);

This study provided data on the impact of covid-19 on the health and well-being of Portuguese respondents. Results show that they reported their health to be worse than before the pandemic and that access to healthcare was greatly affected, with surgeries or medical appointments cancelled or postponed.

Portugal, Social Balance Sheet 2021 - A portrait of the country and of the pandemic

Article

Portugal, Social Balance Sheet 2021 - A portrait of the country and of the pandemic

March 2022

Social inclusion
Bruno P. Carvalho, Universidade Carlos III de Madrid, Departamento de Economia, e ECARES (ULB); Mariana Esteves, Nova School of Business and Economics; Susana Peralta, Nova School of Business and Economics;

“Portugal, Social Balance Sheet” is an annual report that analyses poverty and social exclusion in Portugal.

Call to support research projects on the social reality of young people (FP22_1B)

calls

Call to support research projects on the social reality of young people (FP22_1B)

April 2022

The Social Observatory of the ”la Caixa” Foundation has announced a call to support research projects on the social reality of young people in Portugal, using quantitative survey data in social sciences.

Inequalities in covid-19 inequalities research: Who had the capacity to respond?

Article

Inequalities in covid-19 inequalities research: Who had the capacity to respond?

July 2022

Science
Joan Benach, Lucinda Cash-Gibson, Diego F. Rojas-Gualdrón, Álvaro Padilla-Pozo, Juan Fernández-Gracia, Víctor M. Eguíluz and the COVID-SHINE group;

No projeto em que este artigo se baseia, foram analisados os artigos científicos publicados entre janeiro de 2020 e abril de 2021 sobre as desigualdades associadas à Covid-19.

calls

Call to support research projects on education and society (FP22_2B)

July 2022

The Social Observatory of the ”la Caixa” Foundation has announced a call to support research projects on education and society in Portugal.

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----
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----
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3specific application. 
4 
5Please use the left panel to quickly add commonly used variables. 
6Autocomplete is also available and can be invoked by typing "${". 
7--> 
8 
9<section class="search-results barometre-custom-style-ot"> 
10 
11	<#--init template--> 
12	<#include "${templatesPath}/376686" /> 
13 
14	<#--functions template--> 
15	<#include "${templatesPath}/376694" /> 
16 
17	<#--macro-utils template--> 
18	<#include "${templatesPath}/376743" /> 
19 
20	<#if entries?has_content> 
21		<#list entries as entry> 
22			<#assign autorComplete =""> 
23			<#assign autorShow=""> 
24			<#assign viewURL=""> 
25			<#assign friendlyUrl=""> 
26			<#assign otro=""> 
27			<#assign content=""><#assign img=""> 
28			<#assign onclick=""> 
29			<!-- assets --> 
30			<#assign assetRenderer = entry.getAssetRenderer() > 
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32			<#assign viewURL = assetRenderer.getURLViewInContext(renderRequest, renderResponse, viewURL)> 
33			<#assign journalArticle = assetRenderer.getArticle() /> 
34			<#assign documentsax = saxReaderUtil.read(journalArticle.getContentByLocale(locale)) /> 
35			<#assign rootElement = documentsax.getRootElement() /> 
36 
37			<#assign entryTitle = htmlUtil.escape(assetRenderer.getTitle(locale)) /> 
38			<#assign displayDate = assetRenderer.getDisplayDate()?date?string["MMMM yyyy"]?replace("de ", "")?replace("d’", "")?cap_first /> 
39			<#assign categories = entry.getCategories() /> 
40			<#assign col=paramUtil.getLong(request, "columns") /> 
41 
42			<#assign content = entry.getSummary(locale) /> 
43 
44			<#list rootElement.elements() as dynamicElement> 
45				<#if "GENERALIMAGE" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
46					<#assign img = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
47					<#assign imagen = getImagePath(img dlService)/> 
48				</#if> 
49				<#if "FRIENDLY_URL" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
50					<#assign friendlyUrl = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
51				</#if> 
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56					<#assign otro = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText() /> 
57					<#assign onclick = getSingleValue(otro,dynamicElement, "onclick") /> 
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59				<#if "Autor" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
60					<#assign autor = dynamicElement.element("dynamic-content").getText()/> 
61					<#assign autorComplete = autorComplete + getAutor(autor,dynamicElement)> 
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63				<#if "DOCUMENT" == dynamicElement.attributeValue("name")> 
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68 
69			<#assign viewURL = getViewURL(viewURL, friendlyUrl, otro) > 
70 
71			<!-- categories --> 
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76			<!-- asset links --> 
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80 
81			<!-- autor show --> 
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83				<#if autor?has_content> 
84					<#assign autorShow = autor> 
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87 
88			<div class="search-result row ng-scope"> 
89				<#-- Fragmento para mostrar boton editar contenido --> 
90				<@getEditIcon /> 
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93				<#assign style="no-content"/> 
94				<#if content?has_content> 
95					<#assign style=""/> 
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97 
98				<div class="col-sm-5 col-xs-12 main-article-image"> 
99					<#if onclick?has_content> 
100					<a href="${viewURL}" title="${entryTitle}" class="pushtag" onclick="${onclick}"> 
101						<#else> 
102						<a href="${viewURL}" title="${entryTitle}" class="pushtag"> 
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105								<img src="${imagen}" alt="${entryTitle}" class="${style}"/> 
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107						</a> 
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110				<div class="col-sm-8 col-xs-12 search-summary ${style}"> 
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115									<p class="category" style="position:relative;margin: 0;left: 0;"> ${category.getTitle(locale)}</p> 
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119						<h2 class="header"> 
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121								${entryTitle} 
122							</a> 
123						</h2> 
124 
125						<div class="month-year"> 
126							<p>${displayDate}</p> 
127						</div> 
128 
129						<div class="tags-and-date"> 
130							<#if categories?has_content> 
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151									<a href="${enllacCategory}" title="${category.getTitle(locale)}" >${category.getTitle(locale)}</a> 
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155 
156							<span class="posted-on"> 
157							<time datetime="${displayDate}">${displayDate} </time> 
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159								<div class="tags-and-date"> 
160									<div class="tags"> 
161							 		 DisplayDate: ${displayDate} - Priority:${entry.getPriority()} 
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164							</#if> 
165						</span> 
166 
167						</div> 
168						<#if autorComplete?has_content> 
169							<div class="autor-destacat"> 
170							<span class="autor"> 
171								${autorComplete?substring(0, (autorComplete?length)-1)} 
172							</span> 
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175						<div class="summary"><p class="ng-binding">${content}</p></div> 
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181</section> 
Tools and resources for safeguarding ethics and improving integrity in scientific research

Best Practices

Tools and resources for safeguarding ethics and improving integrity in scientific research

October 2022

Science

One of the great current challenges in research is process integrity and the reliability of results. What reforms are taking place in this area?

CaixaResearch Institute, a new health and life sciences research and innovation centre

Best Practices

CaixaResearch Institute, a new health and life sciences research and innovation centre

October 2022

Science

International excellence, strong support for innovation and transfer and bringing science closer to society. CaixaResearch Institute symbolises the commitment of the ”la Caixa” Foundation to supporting biomedical research.

The Patient Innovation platform

Best Practices

The Patient Innovation platform

October 2022

Science

Successful experiences such as the Patient Innovation Platform confirm that the future of innovation in health involves connecting patients, carers and other agents from the care sector.

The use of public engagement for technological innovation

Best Practices

The use of public engagement for technological innovation

October 2022

Science

What is society’s opinion regarding the possible impacts of science and technology? Establishing citizen participation mechanisms is necessary to generate confidence and detect points for improvement.

Changes in scientific assessment systems

Best Practices

Changes in scientific assessment systems

October 2022

Science

How should science be evaluated? Does the possibility exist of using other criteria beyond bibliometric impacts, which value different facets of the social impact of research?

The Challenge-Driven Innovation programme

Best Practices

The Challenge-Driven Innovation programme

October 2022

Science

Challenge-Driven Innovation is a research funding programme that is pioneering in Europe due to its multidisciplinary, intersectoral and challenge-oriented focus.

Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal

Dossier

Research and Innovation in Spain and Portugal

October 2022

What are the factors that define a country’s research and innovation system? The eleventh Dossier from the Social Observatory of the ”la Caixa” Foundation analyses the case of Spain and Portugal in international comparison.

Expenditure on R&D by sectors

Infodata

Expenditure on R&D by sectors

October 2022

Science

In 2019, the percentage of total public spending assigned to R&D was 0.82% in Portugal and  1.24% in Spain, both below the EU-27 average.

Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities

Infodata

Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities

October 2022

Science

In Portugal and Spain, the proportion of innovative companies, and the degree to which these collaborate with other companies and organisations, is below the EU-27 average

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

Infodata

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

October 2022

Science

While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.

Capacity for attracting international talent

Infodata

Capacity for attracting international talent

October 2022

Science

Does Portugal attract more talent than Spain? In 2020, the attraction of international talent was situated above the European average (18.7%) in the case of Portugal (29.1%) and below the average (17.2%) in the case of Spain

Scientists and engineers by sex

Infodata

Scientists and engineers by sex

October 2022

Science

Portugal, together with Denmark, is an exception within the framework of the EU-27 and has percentages of women scientists and engineers that slightly exceed the European average.

Patent applications submitted to the European Patents Office

Infodata

Patent applications submitted to the European Patents Office

October 2022

Science

Despite growth in the last 10 years, the relative position of Portugal and Spain, with regard to patent applications, is a long way behind that of countries that are leaders in innovation.

Digital Economy and Society Index

Infodata

Digital Economy and Society Index

October 2022

Spain stands at the head of the countries of the EU-27 in the global computation of digital society indicators (connectivity, Internet use, etc). Portugal, however, is situated at the tail end.

Direct (grants) and indirect (tax incentives) goverment support for business R&D

Infodata

Direct (grants) and indirect (tax incentives) goverment support for business R&D

October 2022

Science

The model of governmental support for business R&D differs between Portugal and Spain, with a predominance of indirect support in Portugal`s case and direct support in that of Spain

Women researchers by sectors

Infodata

Women researchers by sectors

October 2022

Science

Portugal and Spain are situated above the European average in percentage of women researchers in all sectors considered, although the lowest participation corresponds to the business sector and the highest, to the governmental sector.

Authorship of scientific publications, by sex

Infodata

Authorship of scientific publications, by sex

October 2022

Science

Who publishes most: men or women? The percentage of women who publish in the STEM areas in Portugal and Spain is higher than the European average, which reflects how the proportion of women researchers in the academic sector exceeds, in turn, the European average.

Women inventors

Infodata

Women inventors

October 2022

Science

Who invents most: men or women?  The proportion in Portugal is one out of every four and in Spain, one out of every fiver. Do they exceed the European average?

Eco-Innovation Index

Infodata

Eco-Innovation Index

October 2022

Science

Portugal is in an intermediate situation in relation to the leading countries in environmental innovation, whereas Spain is among the leading countries.

The role of science and technology in the configuration of Portugal and Spain over the last five centuries

Review

The role of science and technology in the configuration of Portugal and Spain over the last five centuries

October 2022

Science
Leoncio López-Ocón, CSIC Institute of History (IH-CSIC); Tiago Brandão, (NOVA FCSH);

How has science developed in Portugal and Spain and how has it influenced the construction of the Iberian nations?  The two books reviewed here analyse the subject.

Science-business links in Portugal and Spain: untapped potential for innovation?

Article

Science-business links in Portugal and Spain: untapped potential for innovation?

October 2022

Science
Manuel M. Godinho, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, University of Lisbon; José Guimón, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM); Catalina Martínez, Institute of Public Goods and Policies, Spanish National Research Council (IPP-CSIC); Joana Mendonça, IN+ Centre for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research, IST, University of Lisbon;

In Portugal and Spain, only 6% of PhD holders work in the business sector. There is a broad margin for improvement in the relationship between science and business.

Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain

Article

Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain

October 2022

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez, CSIC Institute of Public Goods and Policies, Madrid, Spain; Tiago Santos Pereira, Centre for Social Studies (CES) of the University of Coimbra, Portugal;

Research and innovation in Portugal and Spain have developed along parallel paths, albeit with some distinctive features. 

“Research can’t be simply turned on and off like a tap; it requires investment in the long term”

Interview

“Research can’t be simply turned on and off like a tap; it requires investment in the long term”

October 2022

Science

Andrew W. Wyckoff, the OECD’s current director of Science, Technology and Innovation, reviews the major challenges posed by the digital transformation in the economic, social and educational sphere. 

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