Research and Innovation in Portugal and Spain

Dossier

Research and Innovation in Portugal and Spain

October 2022

What are the factors that define a country’s research and innovation system? The eleventh Dossier from the Social Observatory of the ”la Caixa” Foundation analyses the case of Spain and Portugal in international comparison.

Scientists and engineers by sex

Infodata

Scientists and engineers by sex

October 2022

Science

Portugal, together with Denmark, is an exception within the framework of the EU-27 and has percentages of women scientists and engineers that slightly exceed the European average.

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

Infodata

PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

October 2022

Science

While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.

There are no results.