The role of science and technology in the configuration of Portugal and Spain over the last five centuries

Review

The role of science and technology in the configuration of Portugal and Spain over the last five centuries

October 2022

Science
Leoncio López-Ocón, CSIC Institute of History (IH-CSIC); Tiago Brandão, (NOVA FCSH);

How has science developed in Portugal and Spain and how has it influenced the construction of the Iberian nations?  The two books reviewed here analyse the subject.

Science-business links in Portugal and Spain: untapped potential for innovation?

Article

Science-business links in Portugal and Spain: untapped potential for innovation?

October 2022

Science
Manuel M. Godinho, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, University of Lisbon; José Guimón, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM); Catalina Martínez, Institute of Public Goods and Policies, Spanish National Research Council (IPP-CSIC); Joana Mendonça, IN+ Centre for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research, IST, University of Lisbon;

In Portugal and Spain, only 6% of PhD holders work in the business sector. There is a broad margin for improvement in the relationship between science and business.

Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain

Article

Evolution of science and technology in Portugal and Spain

October 2022

Science
Luis Sanz Menéndez, CSIC Institute of Public Goods and Policies, Madrid, Spain; Tiago Santos Pereira, Centre for Social Studies (CES) of the University of Coimbra, Portugal;

Research and innovation in Portugal and Spain have developed along parallel paths, albeit with some distinctive features. 

“Research can’t be simply turned on and off like a tap; it requires investment in the long term”

Interview

“Research can’t be simply turned on and off like a tap; it requires investment in the long term”

October 2022

Science

Andrew W. Wyckoff, the OECD’s current director of Science, Technology and Innovation, reviews the major challenges posed by the digital transformation in the economic, social and educational sphere. 

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