What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

Article

What influences people’s social position most: their family background or their skills?

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Gøsta Esping-Andersen, Universidade Pompeu Fabra;Jorge Cimentada, Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research

We analyse the relative influence of the family background and the skills of each person on social mobility. Are there differences between the Nordic countries and those in southern Europe such as Italy and Spain? 

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

Article

Are intermediate jobs disappearing? The myth of labour polarisation in Europe

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Daniel Oesch, Universidade de Lausana, Suíça;Giorgio Piccitto, Universidade Bocconi de Milão, Itália

Is labour polarisation occurring in Europe? This study, prior to the covid-19 crisis, shows that in Spain, in barely 25 years, employment in higher-quality occupations has almost doubled. 

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

Article

Housing system and welfare state. The Spanish case within the European context

April 2021

Social Inclusion
Jordi Bosch,, Universidade Pompeu Fabra;Carme Trilla,, Barcelona Metropolitan Housing Observatory;Adaptation: Xavier Aguilar

The welfare system in Spain has never paid great attention to housing. However, it is a key aspect and one that has repercussions in other dimensions such as health and education.

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