Asset Publisher

Article

Mental health outcomes in Portuguese SARS-CoV-2 survivors and the general population during the covid-19 pandemic

Inês A. Trindade, Helena Pinto, Lara Palmeira, Sérgio Carvalho, Marco Pereira, CINEICC, University of Coimbra, Portugal;
Concurso para apoiar projetos de investigação sobre o impacto social da Covid-19 (LL20-3)

This study explored mental health outcomes in 640 Portuguese adults from three different groups (SARS-CoV-2 survivors, individuals who were tested but had negative results, and individuals who were never tested). Compared to pre-pandemic normative data, symptoms of anxiety and depression were higher, although no differences between groups were found. However, we found that having a previous psychiatric diagnosis may make people more vulnerable to anxiety and depression during the covid-19 pandemic. SARS-CoV-2 infection survivors were concerned with negative infection-related judgements from others, and 42% presented clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Psychological flexibility was associated with better psychological outcomes.
Key points
  • 1
       Overall, about 40% of survivors were concerned with negative judgements from others due to having been infected.
  • 2
       Based on the recommended cut-off for individuals receiving specialised medical care, 42% of SARS-CoV-2 survivors presented a possible case of PTSD.
  • 3
       All groups presented high presence of anxiety and depression symptoms, with respect to normative levels before the pandemic.
  • 4
       Having a previous psychiatric diagnosis may put people at greater risk for anxiety and depression during the covid-19 pandemic.
  • 5
       Psychological flexibility was significantly associated with better psychological outcomes among SARS-CoV-2 survivors.
  • 6
       The most significant fear of individuals who had tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 was having severe complications due to a possible infection.

About 40% of SARS-CoV-2 survivors showed at least some feelings of insecurity due to having had the SARS-CoV-2 infection, the perception that others may evaluate them negatively for having been infected, and feelings of isolation due to having been infected.

Classification

Tags

Subject areas

Related content

Article

Does unemployment harm mental health?

Stress, depression, insomnia, tension, feeling of uselessness… This article analyses how the mental health of workers was affected by the economic crisis and long-term unemployment.

Article

Who is affected by loneliness and social isolation?

The most visible face of loneliness is the feeling of not having people to call on or trust in case of need. Who does it affect most? We analyse the influence of factors such as age and gender.

You may also find interesting

Subtle signs of racial biases among lower secondary teachers in Portugal

Article

Subtle signs of racial biases among lower secondary teachers in Portugal


Social Inclusion

Is there racial prejudgement in Portuguese secondary schools?

“BlindGame”: The online gambling activities of Portuguese young people

Article

“BlindGame”: The online gambling activities of Portuguese young people


Social Inclusion

A study of 2,028 young people aged between 15 and 34 in Portugal revealed a significant prevalence of online gambling behaviour, with gender and age differences. The results indicate concerns for parents, educators and public authorities due to the growing uptake of this form of entertainment.

Why don’t we offer the same help to all victims of cyberbullying?

Article

Why don’t we offer the same help to all victims of cyberbullying?


Social Inclusion

This article highlights that both traditional bullying and cyberbullying have a large audience. Observant people can influence behaviour, either by encouraging or stopping aggression.