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Authorship of scientific publications, by sex


 

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Human resources for research in Portugal and Spain

People who work in research are a pillar of the system. Are the working conditions of this sector favourable in Portugal and Spain or are they forcing a brain drain?

Infodata

Expenditure on R&D by sectors

In 2019, the percentage of total public spending assigned to R&D was 0.82% in Portugal and 1.24% in Spain, both below the EU-27 average.

Infodata

Innovative companies and business cooperation on R&D activities

In Portugal and Spain, the proportion of innovative companies, and the degree to which these collaborate with other companies and organisations, is below the EU-27 average

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PhD qualifications by different branches of knowledge and by sex

While the participation of female PhD holders in Portugal is situated above the EU‑27 average in all fields of knowledge considered, in Spain the participation of female PhD holders is situated below the European average in the fields of art, humanities and social sciences.

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Capacity for attracting international talent

Does Portugal attract more talent than Spain? In 2020, the attraction of international talent was situated above the European average (18.7%) in the case of Portugal (29.1%) and below the average (17.2%) in the case of Spain

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Direct (grants) and indirect (tax incentives) goverment support for business R&D


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